The government of Indonesia has ratified two main conventions regarding the issue of women with disabilities. The first one is The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1984, and the other one is The Convention on The Rights of Person with Disability (CRPD) in 2011. We can use 16 articles in CEDAW that broadly fulfill the rights of women in general as a strong foundation. Because CEDAW does not mention specifically women with disabilities, we can use article 6 in CRPD, which sets out rights for women with disabilities, to take them into account in fulfilling rights of women with disabilities.
In 2013, National Commission for Woman of Indonesia (Komnas Perempuan) makes some notes for evaluation after 29 years of CEDAW’s ratification. As a governmental body for monitoring the implementation of CEDAW in Indonesia, Komnas Perempuan appreciates that big progress has been made for advancing the position and wealth of women in many sectors. However, they notice that there is still huge discrimination against women from religious minorities, women with disabilities, and other marginalized groups.
The intersection between both Conventions is the most powerful tool to improve the accomplishment of rights of women with disabilities in Indonesia. It must be followed by some regulation and action from each stake holder that is responsible in mainstreaming gender and disability issues. In Indonesia, the government body that is in charge managing gender issues is the Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection (MOWECP), while disability issues are handled by the Ministry of Social Affairs (MSA). To ensure issues for WWD are well-implemented together, there should be good coordination between them.
The Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection began the policy to accommodate women with disabilities in 2010 with Minister Regulation number 23/2010 initiating the Center of Information and Consultation for Women with disabilities (PIK-P2D). This Center runs in cooperation with local governments aimed to provide information and consultation about health, education, employment, and other things that persons with disability, specifically woman with disability, need. In 2012, the Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) was issued with Minister Regulation number 7/2012 to strengthen the mechanism and service. These days, there are two PIK-P2D centers established in Indonesia, in Jambi and Sidoharjo (east Java).
On other hand, Ministry of Social Affairs works with persons with disability in general by providing social rehabilitation services. These services run in cooperation with local government in most areas of Indonesia. There are 356 Vocational Training Units (Loka Bina Karya) in most provinces and districts of Indonesia, and every unit has 20 training participants with disability for 3 months duration. Also, there are 21 social housing projects in some provinces with 100 to 200 participants of capacity in every house, and 1 to 2 years training time. Examples of vocational training given include crafting, metal works, electronics fixing, Microsoft Office usage training, photography, and so on. However, they haven’t considered any gender perspective in recruiting mechanism and job placement.
This paper argues that access of information is important and must be improved to ensure woman with disability understand and exercise their rights. They should have equal position and access to all resources in comparison with men with disability and even other members of society. Therefore, all stakeholders including government and Disabled People Organizations (DPOs) should make collaborative policy and strategic action based on CEDAW and CRPD. Collaborations should ensure that greater numbers of women with disabilities access the Center of Information and Consultation, and use the referral system effectively. Furthermore, it discusses how to enable supporting systems to consider gender perspectives, so the needs of women with disabilities can be well-accommodated.